The purpose of lockout is to control hazardous energies associated with equipment and machines to prevent any release of uncontrolled energy, and therefore any subsequent injury during maintenance or repair work. Lockout is a working method that drastically improves the safety level of workers.
There are three scenarios in individual lockout.
1. Personal padlock on a single device
First, the individual lockout of a worker on a single lockout device. This simple lockout application requires that each worker install his personal padlock on the single lockout device of the equipment.
2. Three personal padlocks for equipment with multiple devices
Second, the CSA Z460-13 standard allows the worker to have up to three personal padlocks. Therefore, he would be able to lockout equipment with up to three lockout devices. However, many companies and certain regulations can limit the worker to one or two padlocks. Then, group lockout must be used.
3. A personal padlock on a hasp with multiple padlocks
Third, it is possible for many workers to lockout a single energy source. Each of them will affix his personal padlock to a hasp on the single lockout device.
A hasp is a device used to ensure there is always at least one spot available left on the isolating device to install another padlock.
The group lockout generally applies to several energy sources and many workers. It is often called “multiple lockout”. The terminology used can vary depending on the organization. Two scenarios are possible:
1. Presence of several energy sources to be locked out by only one worker
The CSA Z460-13 standard limits the maximum number of personal padlocks owned by a worker to three. Even if a worker can have a series of three padlocks maximum, most organizations recommend that a worker only use one personal padlock, or two maximum. Then, the guideline proceeds to use a lock box and a series of energy-source padlocks. This is the recommended method for a group lockout, when two or more workers lockout many energy sources.
2. Several energy sources for several workers
Three elements are then used:
- The personal padlock of each worker;
- Energy-source padlocks with a unique key for the entire series;
- And a lock box.
The following procedure is applied: one or two workers locking each energy source using series padlocks. After, they place the key of the series in the lock box that is then locked by each of the workers present. This ensures that until workers leave their personal padlocks on the box, it is impossible to remove the key of the series of padlocks from the energy sources and unpadlock the lockout devices. Therefore, this method ensures the safety of the entire work team.